The Japanese name for Japan is "Nihon" or "Nippon" which means "sun origin". Japan is an island nation surrounded by sea and is made up of 6,852 islands.
The highest point in Japan in Mount Fuji, which stands at 3,776m (12,388ft).
Tokyo is the capital city of Japan and also the largest city. Other major cities include Osaka, Nagoya, and Sapporo.
Ancient warriors of Japan were known as Samurai.
Japan is an industrialized nation, producing some of the most technologically advanced motor vehicles, electronics, and machine tools.
Japan is a world leader in robotics. Japanese engineers are known for producing a range of human-like robots such as ASIMO.
Some of the most well-known companies in the world are Japanese such as Toyota, Honda, Sony, Nintendo, Canon, Panasonic, Toshiba, Fuzi, Kawasaki, Bridgestone, Hitachi, Suzuki, Toshiba, Fujitsu, Nissan, Nippon, Nikon and Sharp.
Japan is home to many different forms of martial arts. Karate, Judo, Sumo, Ninjutsu, Kendo, Jujutsu, and Aikido to name a few.
Sumo is recognized as the national sport of Japan, although the most popular spectator sport is baseball.